selenium3.4.1-proxy代理认证配置

问题描述

解决selenium proxy需要认证的问题

解决方案

phantomjs driver认证

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from selenium import webdriver

dcap = dict(DesiredCapabilities.PHANTOMJS) # 设置userAgent
dcap["phantomjs.page.settings.userAgent"] = (
"Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.9; rv:25.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/25.0 ")
service_args = [
'--proxy=%s' % 'xxx:xxx',
'--proxy-type=http',
"--proxy-auth=%s" % 'xxx:xxx',
]
driver = webdriver.PhantomJS(service_args=service_args, desired_capabilities=dcap)

chrome driver认证

摘自:http://www.cnblogs.com/rookies/p/6119786.html

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# coding: utf-8
# test.py
# 测试"Selenium + Chrome"使用带用户名密码认证的代理

import os
import re
import time
import zipfile
from selenium import webdriver

# Chrome代理模板插件(https://github.com/RobinDev/Selenium-Chrome-HTTP-Private-Proxy)目录
CHROME_PROXY_HELPER_DIR = 'Chrome-proxy-helper'
# 存储自定义Chrome代理扩展文件的目录
CUSTOM_CHROME_PROXY_EXTENSIONS_DIR = 'chrome-proxy-extensions'

def get_chrome_proxy_extension(proxy):
"""获取一个Chrome代理扩展,里面配置有指定的代理(带用户名密码认证)
proxy - 指定的代理,格式: username:password@ip:port
"""
m = re.compile('([^:]+):([^\@]+)\@([\d\.]+):(\d+)').search(proxy)
if m:
# 提取代理的各项参数
username = m.groups()[0]
password = m.groups()[1]
ip = m.groups()[2]
port = m.groups()[3]
# 创建一个定制Chrome代理扩展(zip文件)
if not os.path.exists(CUSTOM_CHROME_PROXY_EXTENSIONS_DIR):
os.mkdir(CUSTOM_CHROME_PROXY_EXTENSIONS_DIR)
extension_file_path = os.path.join(CUSTOM_CHROME_PROXY_EXTENSIONS_DIR, '{}.zip'.format(proxy.replace(':', '_')))
if not os.path.exists(extension_file_path):
# 扩展文件不存在,创建
zf = zipfile.ZipFile(extension_file_path, mode='w')
zf.write(os.path.join(CHROME_PROXY_HELPER_DIR, 'manifest.json'), 'manifest.json')
# 替换模板中的代理参数
background_content = open(os.path.join(CHROME_PROXY_HELPER_DIR, 'background.js')).read()
background_content = background_content.replace('%proxy_host', ip)
background_content = background_content.replace('%proxy_port', port)
background_content = background_content.replace('%username', username)
background_content = background_content.replace('%password', password)
zf.writestr('background.js', background_content)
zf.close()
return extension_file_path
else:
raise Exception('Invalid proxy format. Should be username:password@ip:port')

if __name__ == '__main__':
# 测试
options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
# 添加一个自定义的代理插件(配置特定的代理,含用户名密码认证)
options.add_extension(get_chrome_proxy_extension(proxy='username:password@ip:port'))
driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_options=options)
# 访问一个IP回显网站,查看代理配置是否生效了
driver.get('http://httpbin.org/ip')
print driver.page_source
time.sleep(60)
driver.quit()